Cultural Immersion for Stronger Classrooms
When teachers connect with students on a personal level, it elevates the students’ chances for success. For future teachers in the College of Education’s Master of Arts in teaching (MAT) program, a recent cultural immersion trip to Mexico empowered them to empathize while they educate.
This summer, Dr. Micha Jeffries and Dr. Joanna Koch took a group of graduate students to Mexico for firsthand experience working with students in a different cultural context. The professors’ goal was to help future teachers meaningfully engage with students in diverse learning environments.
“Negotiating life within a context where English is a second language can be very difficult, especially for elementary school students,” said Jeffries, organizational director of the MAT program. “We wanted our students to experience what it would be like to learn somewhere where they didn’t speak the primary language, in order to help them identify with their future students.”
A Changing Environment
In many Wake County classrooms and in schools throughout North Carolina, increasing classroom diversity calls for a renewed focus on equity through empathy. For the 2015-16 school year, nearly 12,000 students with limited English proficiency attended a school in the Wake County Public School System.
“In the MAT program, we address implicit biases regarding ESL students, including teachers slowing down their speech when working with these children,” said Koch, teaching assistant professor. “We recognized a need to further address biases and increase cultural competency, so we developed a cultural immersion experience where classroom learning comes to life.”
When students studied abroad in Mexico, they deepened their knowledge of social justice, which is a focal point of the MAT program. The 10-day trip included participating in Spanish language classes and visiting graduate education classes at Universidad Iberoamericana in Mexico City. There, NC State students learned about and exchanged views on education with Mexican students.
The next stop, Guanajuato, included service learning through volunteer opportunities with a local school, and living with a host family for seven nights. MAT students received daily language instruction for three hours and then taught an English lesson on their final day in the country.
“Before going on the trip, I had certain assumptions about Hispanic children and families,” said Cortnee Hill, an MAT student. “My experience in Mexico totally changed my perspective and strengthened my commitment to be an excellent, culturally aware educator.”
The program’s emphasis on cultural awareness helps students like Hill use their lived experience to think about cultivating a classroom that is more responsive to diversity. Students who study abroad in Mexico are encouraged to work through personal biases, critically examine ways in which they may better interact with ESL and immigrant students, and increase efforts to provide equitable instruction to make students feel comfortable in new learning environments.
“It is critically important to gain knowledge in this kind of [cultural immersion] setting, in order to connect with your students,” said Hill. “I also feel that more future teachers taking advantage of these types of opportunities would decrease teacher turnover, because teachers would be better equipped to reach children and not burn out from stress and lack of communication.”
Hill’s sentiments reflect what Jeffries and Koch say are common positive outcomes of cultural immersion.
“What MAT students learned when they went to Mexico became part of classroom discourse in a way that we haven’t noticed before,” said Jeffries. “These students returned with a stronger commitment to innovative teaching and closing achievement gaps. They are now our best ambassadors for participating in study abroad.”
Of course, MAT students weren’t the only ones impacted by the cultural immersion experience in Mexico.
“The trip broadened by understanding of social justice from an international perspective, and now I’m making more of an effort to think about issues from a globalized view,” said Koch. “We are all interconnected and need to ensure we’re showing humility, respect and equality for all, because that’s how we progress and develop as a society.”
Like many study abroad programs at NC State, the Mexico cultural immersion experience will expand in the future. Additional professors in the College of Education will lead the trips, and plans are in the works to broaden the program’s outreach to more students. The MAT program will also grow local immersion initiatives, including tutoring ESL students, to complement the experience.
With this expanded reach, future teachers will have even greater opportunities to engage in relevant, critical discussions on diversity, equity and high-quality instruction to address the needs of all students. These types of conversations that come from cultural immersion create well-rounded educators who can truly connect with their students.
“We want teachers to be advocates and instructional leaders for all learners,” said Jeffries. “Absent these lived experiences, people may shy away from these conversations. But through cultural immersion, like the MAT students experience in Mexico, we address implicit bias in a way that creates a classroom atmosphere where every child can be successful.”